Motivations for social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic
Summary: This study aims to investigate people’s attitudes and behaviours in response to the public health recommendations for social distancing and isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Many reports suggest suboptimal adherence with these measures that represent the cornerstone of efforts to reduce the spread of the virus. Public health recommendations are changing periodically, and we are interested in assessing how variations at different time points and geographic areas affect people’s responses during discrete periods of time and how attitudes and behaviours might differ as a function of messaging about preventing the transmission of COVID-19. This information will be made available to policymakers to tailor public health messages and recommendations with the goal of increasing adherence to these important preventive behaviours.
We are no longer recruiting participants for this study. Thank you to all who participated. We will post our preliminary results to this website once they are available
If you have any questions, contact Chelsea Moran (email@example.com) or Tavis Campbell (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The Community Alternatives for Syncope Management to the Emergency Room (CASMER) Study
Summary: The purpose of the CASMER study is to provide better, more cost-effective, patient-centered alternative care for the management of low-risk vasovagal syncope (fainting) to emergency room assessment. Currently, most patients who faint are assessed in the emergency room; these visits account for 1-3% of emergency department visits in Canada each year. The vast majority of these cases are non-life threatening and patients do not benefit from costly assessments (e.g. MRI, ECG, etc). The CASMER study will create digital resources to provide reliable information to patients, train EMS to risk stratify patients out of hospital, and then offer an outpatient “syncope haven” for patients to self-manage their syncope.
The BE-EMPOWERED Study
Summary: The Bariatric Outcome Enhancement – Evaluating a Mindfulness-based Program for Optimizing WEight loss and Reducing Eating Disorder Symptoms (BE-EMPOWERED) Study is a 3-phase program of research working to evaluate and optimize a brief mindfulness-based intervention among pre-surgical bariatric patients. This study follows the ORBIT Model by Czajkowski et al., 2015 for developing and testing behavioural treatments.
Pre-surgical Predictors of Outcomes Following Bariatric Surgery
Summary: This prospective study investigates the roles of various pre-surgical psychosocial variables on weight-loss and quality of life changes after bariatric (weight-loss) surgery. Patients complete a number of questionnaires inquiring about psychological distress, eating behaviours, and social factors (e.g., social support) prior surgery, and are following for 12-months after surgery. Understanding predictors of outcomes following bariatric surgery will help in patient selection, resource allocation, and identifying at-risk patients for appropriate psychosocial intervention to support outcomes after surgery.
The Mindfulness And Tai chi for Cancer Health (MATCH) study
Summary: The MATCH study is an innovative preference-based comparative effectiveness trial examining Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery and Tai chi/Qigong for a host of psychological, physical, and biological outcomes in cancer survivors. For more information visit the study website: http://www.thematchstudy.ca/
A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Intranasal Oxytocin in Improving Pain and Function Among Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain
Summary: This RCT is evaluating the efficacy of intranasal oxytocin versus placebo in improving outcomes among women with chronic pelvic pain. The primary objective is to investigate oxytocin’s efficacy in reducing pain among women with chronic pelvic pain. Secondary objectives include investigating oxytocin’s efficacy in improving emotional function, physical function, and sleep among these women.
APrON - Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes & Nutrition Study
Summary: APrON is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruited pregnant women early in pregnancy. The vision of the study is to improve the health and long-term potential of mothers and newborn babies in Alberta. For more information, please visit the APrON study website.
Selected Recent Publications
Past and current students or trainees bolded.
- Arena, R., Rouleau, C. R., Campbell, T. S., Aggarwal, S., Hauer, T., Wilton, S. B., Stephan, B., Stone, J., Laddu, D., Williamson, T., Lui, H., & Austford, L. D. (2019). Integrating science, practice, and mentorship in cardiac rehabilitation: The inaugural Totalcardiology® research network retreat. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 39(5), 290-292.
- Moran, C., & Campbell, T. S. (2019, in press). The case for patient-centered approaches in addressing statin nonadherence. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2019.08.015
- Tomfohr-Madsen, L., Cameron, E. E., Dunkel Schetter, C., Campbell, T., O’Beirne, M., Letourneau, N., & Giesbrecht, G. F. (2019). Pregnancy anxiety and preterm birth: The moderating role of sleep. Health Psychology, 30(10). http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000792
- Williamson, T. M., Rash, J. A., Campbell, T. S., & Mothersill, K. (2019). Ethical considerations in assessment and behavioral treatment of obesity: Issues and practice implications for clinical health psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 50(4), 211-277.
- Campbell, T., Rash, J. A., & Vallis, M. (2019). Appreciating the importance of unmet needs associated with obesity in cardiac rehabilitation: A call for critical improvement in program availability. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 35(6), 684-687.
- Rash, J. A., Prkachin, K. M., Solomon, P. E., & Campbell, T. S. (2019). Assessing the efficacy of a manual‐based intervention for improving the detection of facial pain expression. European Journal of Pain, 23(5), 1006-1019.
- Flynn, M., Moran, C., Rash, J. A., & Campbell, T. S. (2018). The contribution of psychosocial interventions to precision medicine for heart health. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 62(1), 21-28.
- Rash, J. A., Buckley, N., Busse, J. W., Campbell, T. S., Corace, K., Cooper, L., Fluskm D., Iorio, A., Lavoie, J. L., Poulin, P. A., & Skidmore, B. (2018). Healthcare provider knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices surrounding the prescription of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain in North America: protocol for a mixed-method systematic review. Systematic reviews, 7(189), 1-9.
- Arena, R., Ozemek, C., Laddu, D., Campbell, T., Rouleau, C. R., Standley, R., Bond, S., Abril, E. P., Hills, A. P., & Lavie, C. J. (2018). Applying precision medicine to healthy living for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Current Problems in Cardiology, 43(12), 448-483.
- Rouleau, C. R., King-Shier, K. M., Tomfohr-Madsen, L. M., Bacon, S. L., Aggarwal, S., Arena, R., & Campbell, T. S. (2018). The evaluation of a brief motivational intervention to promote intention to participate in cardiac rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling, 101(11), 1914-1923.
- Williamson, T. M., Rouleau, C. R., Aggarwal, S. G., Arena, R., & Campbell, T. S. (2018). Bridging the intention-behavior gap for cardiac rehabilitation participation: The role of perceived barriers. Disability and Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1524519
- Toivonen, K. I., Lacroix, E., Flynn, M., Ronksley, P. E., Oinonen, K. A., Metcalfe, A., & Campbell, T. S. (2018). Folic acid supplementation during the preconception period: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 114, 1-17.
- Thomas, J. C., Letourneau, N., Campbell, T. S., Giesbrecht, G. F., & the Apron Study Team. (2018). Social buffering of the maternal and infant HPA axes: Mediation and moderation in the intergenerational transmission of adverse childhood experiences. Development and Psychopathology, 30(3), 921-939.
- Thomas, J., Magel, C., Tomfohr-Madsen, L., Madigan, S., Letourneau, N., Campbell, T., & Giesbrecht, G. (2018). Adverse childhood experiences and HPA axis function in pregnant women. Hormones and Behavior, 102, 10-22.
- Williamson, T. M., Campbell, T. S., Telfer, J. A., & Rash, J. A. (2018). Emotion self-regulation moderates the association between symptoms of ADHD and weight loss after bariatric surgery. Obesity Surgery, 28(6), 1553-1561.
- Johnson, J. A., Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Savard, J., Simpson, S. A., Ancoli-Israel, S. & Campbell, T. S. (2018). Bright light therapy improves cancer-related fatigue in cancer survivors: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 12(2), 206-215.
- Arena, R., McNeil, A., Lavie, C. J., Ozemek, C., Forman, D., Myers, J., Laddu, D. R., Popovic, D., Rouleau, C. R., Campbell, T. S., & Hills, A. P. (2018). Assessing the value of moving more—The integral role of qualified health professionals. Current Problems in Cardiology, 43(4), 138-153.
- Rouleau, C. R., King-Shier, K. M., Tomfohr-Madsen, L. M., Aggarwal, S. G., Arena, R., & Campbell, T. S. (2018). A qualitative study exploring factors that influence enrollment in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. Disability and Rehabilitation, 40(4), 469-478.
- Arena, R., McNeil, A., Lavie, C. J., Ozemek, C., Forman, D., Myers, J., Laddu, D. R., Popovic, D., Rouleau, C. R., Campbell, T. S. and Hills, A. P. (2018). Assessing the value of moving more—The integral role of qualified health professionals. Current Problems in Cardiology, 43(4), 138-153.
- Giesbrecht, G. F., Ejaredar, M., Liu, J., Thomas, J., Letourneau, N., Campbell, T., Martin, J. W., Dewey, D., & the APrON Study Team (2017). Prenatal bisphenol a exposure and dysregulation of infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function: Findings from the APrON cohort study. Environmental Health, 16. doi: 10.1186/s12940-017-0259-8
- Koenig, J., Rash, J. A., Campbell, T. S., Thayer, J. F., & Kaess, M. (2017). A meta-analysis on sex differences in resting-state vagal activity in children and adolescents. Frontiers in Physiology, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00582
- Thomas, J. C., Letourneau, N., Bryce, C. I., Campbell, T. S., Giesbrecht, G. F., & the APrON Study Team. (2017). Biological embedding of perinatal social relationships in infant stress reactivity. Developmental Psychobiology, 59(4), 425-435.
- Rash, J. A., Toivonen, K., Robert, M., Nasr-Esfahani, M., Jarrell, J. F., & Campbell, T. S. (2017). Protocol for a placebo-controlled, within-participants crossover trial evaluating the efficacy of intranasal oxytocin to improve pain and function among women with chronic pelvic musculoskeletal pain. BMJ Open, 7(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014909
- Thomas, J. C., Letourneau, N., Campbell, T. S., Tomfohr-Madsen, L., & Giesbrecht, G. F. (2017). Developmental origins of infant emotion regulation: Mediation by temperamental negativity and moderation by maternal sensitivity. Developmental Psychology, 53(4), 611-628.
- Rouleau, C. R., Toivonen, K., Aggarwal, S., Arena, R., & Campbell, T. S. (2017). The association between insomnia symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors in patients who complete outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. Sleep Medicine, 32, 201-207.
- Lavoie, K. L., Rash, J. A., & Campbell, T. S. (2017). Changing provider behavior in the context of chronic disease management: Focus on clinical inertia. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 57, 263-283.
- Zernicke, K. A., Campbell, T. S., Speca, M., Ruff, K. M., Flowers, S., Tamagawa, R., & Carlson, L. E. (2016). The eCALM trial: eTherapy for cancer applying mindfulness. Exploratory analyses of the associations between online mindfulness-based cancer recovery participation and changes in mood, stress symptoms, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and spirituality. Mindfulness, 7(5), 1071-1081.
- Rash, J. A., Campbell, D. J., Tonelli, M., & Campbell, T. S. (2016). A systematic review of interventions to improve adherence to statin medication: What do we know about what works? Academic Press, 90, 155-169.
- Horsley, K. J., Rouleau, C. R., Garland, S. N., Samuels, C., Aggarwal, S. G., Stone, J. A., Arena, R., & Campbell, T. S. (2016). Insomnia symptoms and heart rate recovery among patients in cardiac rehabilitation. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(4), 642-651.
- Johnson, J. A., Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Savard, J., Simpson, S. A., Ancoli-Israel, S., & Campbell, T.S. (2016). The LITE Study: Rationale and protocol for a randomized controlled trial of light therapy for cancer-related fatigue in cancer survivors. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 49, 166-173.
- Rash, J. A., Lavoie, K. L., Sigal, R. J., Campbell, D. J., Manns, B. J., Tonelli, M., & Campbell, T. S. (2016). The OPTIMIZE trial: Rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial of motivational enhancement therapy to improve adherence to statin medication. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 49, 47-56.
- Rash, J. A., Thomas, J. C., Campbell, T. S., Letourneau, N., Granger, D. A., Giesbrecht, G. F., & the APrON Study Team. (2016). Developmental origins of infant stress reactivity profiles: A multi-system approach. Developmental Psychobiology, 58(5), 578-599.
- Johnson, J. A., Rash, J. A., Campbell, T. S., Savard, J., Gehrman, P. R., Perlis, M., Carlson, L. E. & Garland, S. N. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in cancer survivors. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 27, 20-28.
- Rouleau, C. R., Tomfohr-Madsen, L. M., Campbell, T. S., Letourneau, N., O’Beirne, M., Giesbrecht, G. F., & the APrON Study Team. (2016). The role of maternal cardiac vagal control in the association between depressive symptoms and gestational hypertension. Biological Psychology, 117, 32-42.
- Rash, J. A., Campbell, D. J. T., Tonelli, M. & Campbell, T. S. (2016). A systematic-review of interventions intended to improve adherence to statin medication: How much do we really know about what works? Preventive Medicine, 90, 155-169.